It is with the Romans that Tunis gained importance though, being rebuilt and becoming an important trading post and later city in its own right under the empire.Incursions by the Berbers weakened the North African part of the Roman Empire though and Vandals took control.Tunisia is now a true Republic and elections that were judged free and fair took place in October 2011 and a new constitution has been drafted.
The Mosque of Three Doors is also worth visiting though tourists can only visit the outside.
The classic Medina is worth walking around and filled in for Cairo in Indiana Jones and the Raider s of the Lost Ark.
The medina part of the city is the most fascinating and much of the city’s suburbs are modern and built during the last century during which Tunis has grown in size and importance.
Originally a roman outpost Tozeur is a stopping off point before heading into the dessert and if you are heading into the dessert or to the other natural features nearby such as the salt lakes you may decide to base yourselves from Tozeur but you will find there is a lot to see and do in the ancient city itself.
In Tunisia the position of women is much more equal than in many Arab countries and women visiting will find few problems in the major cities, though in restaurants and hotels questions and bills will initially be presented to the men in the party.
In law though the equality of women is guaranteed and though traditionally marriages may be arranged, often by the groom’s mother, consent of both parties is essential to make a wedding valid and breaking of agreements is common though these arrangements are becoming more rare in the first place. Tunisia has several major oil fields, these give a significant contribution to the economy, though the country certainly isn’t reliant on it.During the Second World War though the Tunisians sided with the Allies even after much of France had fallen to Germany and they ceased to be in control.Tunisia was also of course a major battleground as the Allies fought for control of North Africa against the Axis powers controlled by Rommel the Dessert Fox.Of course the beautiful, usually sandy, coastline is a major attraction but the interior of the country going down to the edges of the Sahara and the across to the Atlas mountains should also be explored by those with a sense of adventure and there is enough to keep history buffs transfixed for weeks.The first thriving centres of culture in Tunisia were the Phoenician cities with Carthage founded in 814BC.Agriculture, mining and manufacturing are all important with Sfax the country’s main industrial centre.