Then the surface was finally finished with a thin coat of lime wash.
Over this surface, outlines are drawn boldly, then the spaces are filled with requisite colours in different shades and tones to achieve the effect of rounded and plastic volumes.
The caves, famous for its murals, are the finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting.
These caves are excavated in horseshoe shaped bend of rock surface nearly 76 m in height overlooking a narrow stream known as Waghora. Each cave was connected to the stream by a flight of steps, which are now almost obliterated, albeit traces of some could be noticed at some places.
The ground layer consists of a rough layer of ferruginous earth mixed with rock-grit or sand, vegetable fibres, paddy husk, grass and other fibrous material of organic origin on the rough surface of walls and ceilings.
A second coat of mud and ferruginous earth mixed with fine rock-powder or sand and fine fibrous vegetable material was applied over the ground surface. Closed on Monday Entrance Fee: Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs.
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Making happy marriages happen since 1998, Jeevansathi understands the importance of choosing the right partner for marriage, especially in the Indian cultural setup.The caves were caused to be excavated by royal patronage and the feudatories under the Vakatakas as illustrated by the inscriptions found in the caves. However, Hieun Tsang, the famous Chinese traveller who visited India during the first half of 7th century A. has left a vivid and graphic description of the flourishing Buddhist establishment here even though he did not visit the caves. The main theme of the paintings is the depiction of various Jataka stories, different incidents associated with the life of Buddha, and the contemporary events and social life also.Varahadeva, the minister of Vakataka king Harishena (A. 475-500) dedicated Cave 16 to the Buddhist Sangha while Cave 17 was the gift of a prince (who subjugated Asmaka) feudatory to the same king. The ceiling decoration invariably consists of decorative patterns, geometrical as well as floral.These caves were discovered by an Army Officer in the Madras Regiment of the British Army in 1819 during one of his hunting expeditions.Instantly the discovery became very famous and Ajanta attained a very important tourist destination in the world.These caves are datable to the pre-Christian era, the earliest among them being Cave 10 dating from the second century B. The object of worship is a stupa here and these caves exhibit the imitation of wooden construction to the extent that the rafters and beams are also sculpted even though they are non-functional. The second phase departs from the earlier one with the introduction of new pattern in layout as well as the centrality of Buddha image, both in sculpture as well as in paintings The world famous paintings at Ajanta also fall into two broad phases. The headgear and other ornaments of the images in these paintings resemble the bas-relief sculpture of Sanchi and Bharhut. The specimen of these exemplary paintings of Vakataka period could be noticed in cave nos. The variation in style and execution in these paintings also are noticed, mainly due to different authors of them.