The regular instruction of children began when they were twelve years old. " And Peter answered, "Do penance, and be baptized . It is both doctrinal and moral the hearers are to believe and to repent. Peter's second discourse after healing the lame man in the Temple (Acts 3). Stephen goes further, and brings out that belief in Jesus as the Christ (Messias) meant the ending of the Old Covenant and the coming in of a New (Acts 6:7). Philip the Deacon preached "of the kingdom of God, in the name of Jesus Christ"; and the Samaritans "were baptized, both men and women" (Acts 8). The same deacon's discourse to the eunuch deals with the proof from Scripture, and notably Isaias (53:7), that "Jesus Christ is the Son of God", and the necessity of baptism.
Thus we read of Christ "in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions. No mention is made of penance or repentance, as the eunuch was a just man anxious to do God's will.
The word is still used in French; but it is now more properly applied to the little printed book in which the questions and answers are contained.
The subject will be treated in this article under the three heads: (1) Oral instruction by means of questions and answers has occupied a prominent place in the scholastic methods of the moral and religious teachers of all countries and of all ages.
As we might expect, the Apostle insists upon "doctrine" as one of the most important duties of a bishop (1 Timothy , 16; ; 2 Timothy 4:2, etc.).
The word means instruction by word of mouth, especially by questioning and answering.
After some years spent in this stage he was promoted to the ranks of the , i.e. As might be expected, he was now instructed more especially in the rites for this purpose.
Even when he had been initiated, his instruction was not yet at an end. Cyril twenty-four catechetical discourses, forming together a complete course of moral and doctrinal instruction.
The Socratic dialogues will occur to every one as brilliant examples.
But many centuries before Socrates' day this method was practised among the Hebrews (Exodus ; Deuteronomy 6:7, 20, etc.). In His final charge to His Apostles He said: ", "instructing"] them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you" (Matthew ).
Justin's Apologies and in the writings of Clement of Alexandria.
Still, even this is not much more advanced than what we have seen above as taught by St.
Luke's Gospel: "That thou mayest know the verity of those things in which thou hast been instructed" (] him, in all good things" (Galatians 6:6).