...racial categories and racial ideologies are not simply those that elaborate social constructions on the basis of phenotypical variation or ideas about innate difference but those that do so using the particular aspects of phenotypical variation that were worked into vital signifiers of difference during European colonial encounters with others.
Within Latin America there are variations in how racial boundaries have been defined.
In the north and west of Mexico, the indigenous tribes were substantially smaller than those found in central and southern Mexico, and also much less organized, thus they remained isolated from the rest of the population or even in some cases were hostile towards Mexican colonists.
The smallest concentration is in Honduras, with only 1%.
with the later figure coming from a recent nationwide survey conducted by the Mexican government as a mean to address the problems of racism that Mexicans of mainly Indigenous or African ancestry suffer at hands of a society that favors light skinned, European looking Mexicans.
These differences arise from the various historical processes and social contexts in which a given racial classification is used.
As Latin America is characterized by differing histories and social contexts, there is also variance in the perception of whiteness throughout Latin America.
For these reasons the distinction between "white" and "mixed", and between "mixed" and "black" and "indigenous", is largely subjective and situational, meaning that any attempt to classify by discrete racial categories is fraught with problems.
People of European origin began to arrive in the Americas in the 15th century.Between 18, of a total 15 million immigrants who arrived in Latin America, The following table shows estimates (in thousands) of white, black/mulatto, Amerindian, and mestizo populations of Latin America, from the 17th to the 20th centuries.The figures shown are, for the years between 16, from the Arias' The Cry of My People..., Since European colonization, Latin America's population has had a long history of intermixing, so that many Latin Americans who have Native American or sub-Saharan African or, rarely, East Asian ancestry have European ancestry as well.This survey constitutes the only official ethnographic field research published by Mexico's government that has acknowledged the country's Eurodescendant population in nearly a century.While the majority are descendants of Spanish immigrants who arrived mainly from northern regions of Spain such as Cantabria, Navarra, Galicia and the Basque Country, in the 19th and 20th century many non-Iberian immigrants arrived to the country, either motivated by economical oportunity (Americans, Canadians, English), government programs (Italians, Irish, Germans) or political motives such as the French during the Second Mexican Empire.White Latin Americans or European Latin Americans are Latin Americans who are considered white, typically due to European, or in some cases Levantine, descent.