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These were found in the ruins of the Temple of Hera at Olympia, dating nearly a thousand years before Christ. As an illustration, flat tile made in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, about 1735, can be traced to the old German settlers. In California and Mexico, the normal or half round tile used in the missions were made by the early Spanish conquerors. It is quite possible that some of the first tiles used were brought from home by the colonists from their respective countries.

This ancient tile consisted of two elements, a wide under piece (tegula) slightly curved, and a narrow, semi- cylindrical piece (imbrex) which was placed in an inverted position so 83 to cover the upturned edges of two adjacent tegulae. At Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the Moravians were making tile as early as 1740. NEED TO SCAN IMAGE FOR THIS SPOT England and Scandinavia. Ohio – Taking up the history of roofing tile in Ohio, it has been found a problem of less magnitude to trace their development.

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By Wolsey Garnet Worcester Edward Orton, Jr., Collaborator and Editor 1910 General The origin of roofing tile is shrouded in obscurity.

It can, however, be traced back several centuries before Christ.

The tiles were all hand made; the clay was dug in the nearby fields, hauled to the tile yards by oxen, dumped into soak- pits, where water was added and the clay allowed to stand till soft.

After soaking for a day and night, men tramped the clay with their bare feet until it was properly kneaded or pugged.

At the outset, bark, straw, thatch, rough stones and similar substances were used until better devices were made, which finally culminated in roofing tile of terra-cotta.

The oldest known type of clay roofing tiles is, by far, the most common form in use in the world to-day.

The enduring nature of these objects may ultimately enable us to trace the paths followed by the tile-making races in their various migrations.

While the actual beginnings of roofing tiles are not known, it is probable that their use was known very early in Asia Minor, and certainly very early in China.

Among the substances used in the construction of early roofs, worked marble tiles, modeled after the terra-cotta I tiles, were made some 650 years before Christ. Robinson made clay roofing tiles in quantity sufficient to cover his home and stable.

Figure 3 shows very clearly the form and outline of the tile made by Mr. These tiles were no doubt made from the same clay, and burned in the same kilns, as the brick which Mr. The house has long since been destroyed, but the old stable withstood the ravages of time and storm until 1907.

A more striking contrast could scarcely have been found, the one tile showing the marks of time and the primitive methods of manufacture of a century ago, while the other presents a roof of the present day.

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