Mitsubishi pencils and Samsung cars The first burst of growth was partly due to American spending during a local war (the Korean War in the case of Japan and the Vietnam War in the case of Korea) Were granted privileged access to the American market due to political support during the Cold War Korean economy directly based on the Japanese model Big steel companies Most conglomerates have their own banks Lots of salaryman puke (but only in Korea is it usually pink) Emphasis on hard work more than efficiency Handing on of management to the younger generation of the family even when the family no longer own a majority of the shares (like News International) China Prejudice against Chinese, even those who have lived there for generations (although probably more prejudice against Koreans in Japan) Chinese the largest minority Respect for traditional Chinese culture, but little respect for modern China Chinese food is either very cheap or very expensive China seen as both the biggest possible market and the biggest possible competition Much slagging off of China for ignoring copyright and producing cheap crap, apparently with no sense of history or irony Marine border problems with China (as well as with each other) Crime Little sympathy when people from their country get killed in foreign places that they consider dangerous Little crime, mainly due to social pressure Powerful gangs (many yakuza in Japan are actually Korean) Few drugs Education What university you go to decides your life University is a break between the pressures of school and work Obsession with good university, including deciding which university to go to before deciding what to study there Most kids go to cram school TEFL diplomas unknown and MAs much more useful, even ones with no practical teaching component Families Babies strapped to the body Sleeping in the same bed, or at least room, as your parents Young kids spoiled Women around childbirth and very young babies are meant to very rarely leave the house Women are meant to avoid all physical movement before and after childbirth Food and drink Microbrewers mainly influenced by German beer Eat-all-you-like buffet boom Rice is the main cereal Bread tends to be sweet Lots of pickling Plum brandy (umeshu in Japanese) Shochu/ Soju Different words for cooked and uncooked rice Curry (kare) that tastes like 1970s British tinned curry/ school meals curry “Western food” like omurice (omelette full of lots of rice, usually flavoured with ketchup) Not much speaking during meals Chopsticks At least some dishes that you help yourself to from the centre of the table Standards that appear at almost every meal (e.g.
kimchi in Korea and miso soup in Japan) Soy sauce Sweet red bean jam and red bean cakes Little distinction between the three meals of the day, apart from the many people who now have bread and/ or cereal for breakfast MSG (invented by Japanese company Ajinomoto) Pouring drinks for each other, including pouring for more senior person first Rice usually in a separate bowl – No clear distinction between sweet foods and savoury ones Geography and weather Mountainous countries where most people live on the crowded plains Cold dry winters and hot humid summers Nearest to China, Taiwan, North Korea and Russia Health Doctors tell you little about what treatment they are giving you and why Always given far too many drugs Chinese medicine quite popular Holidays and celebrations 60th, 70th and 80th birthdays are big things with special celebrations Tanabata popular in both Valentine’s Day is when women give, not receive, and there is also White Day on 14 March (invented by the chocolate industry) when men are supposed to give stuff back International relations Foreign relations dominated by the Americans, Chinese, Russians and each other Holidays in Hawaii, Guam and Saipan Weddings in Hawaii Emigration mainly to Hawaii and California American troops on their soil, and feeling very dubious about it Anti-Americanism popular at both extremes of the political spectrum “Model minority” in US Citizens kidnapped by North Koreans Biggest prejudice towards other Asians Ethnic Japanese and Koreans can get working visas more easily (e.g.
När den känsliga Kräftan energin sammanstrålar med den dramatiska Lejon energin bildas en explosiv vatten och eld kombination som tar Kräftonet på en pendel av extrema upp- och nedgångar.
Kräftonet är födda under en konfliktladdad blandning av vatten och eld vilket gör att det krävs en hel del disciplin för att hitta en bra balans.
I ena ögonblicket kan Kärftonet vara blyg och känslig för att i nästa bli en utåtagerande drama Queen.
De kan vara sprudlande glada eller extremt dystra , upplevas som överkänsliga eller okänsliga osv..
” Koreans sometimes shake hands with other Koreans Korean women fairly often link arms or even hold hands while walking along the street Middle finger much more understood and used in Korea (although they seem to think that the direction your palm is facing doesn’t matter) Crossed index fingers means “Bill please” in Japan More kowtowing in Korea, e.g.
at lunar New Year when receiving money from parents Business, economy and money Korean economy still doing quite well (although possibly just because they haven’t reached the limits of that development model) but standard of living higher in Japan Much more showing off your wealth in Korea “Bankruptcy carries little or no social stigma” in Korea (Korean Patterns by Paul S.
) have at least a grill you can open to let in real fresh air, whereas in Japan you are usually totally sealed into the building air conditioning, as in most countries.
Even very modern and expensive housing developments in Seoul tend to be pretty ugly.
Okay or great beer in Japan, although happoshu is even worse than Korean beer.
Texas Ice Bars in Korea/ English and Irish pubs in Japan Fried chicken with beer in Korea Soju more popular in Korea than shochu is in Japan Rice wine in Korea is often unfiltered makkoli Korean garlic bread has sugar on it Lots of Western food, e.g.
Arts Korean films tend to be melodramatic and over the top, whereas in Japan that is only usually true with period dramas The Japanese tend to like pop stars who can’t sing at all, apparently because they don’t like people getting all high and mighty with their singing skills (the “nail that sticks out gets hammered down” effect) Rarely see Korean salarymen reading comics in public Much Korean animation is for Japanese and American companies (e.g.