75) "The American lobster (Homarus americanus) is today on of the more expensive food items on the market, owing to the difficulty of obtaining sufficeint quantities to meet the demand.
But when the first Europeans came to America, the lobster was one of the most commonly found crustaceans.
Boiled lobsters were served cold with dressing, not hot and "in the rough," as we are most likely to encounter them today.
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Anne Wilson [Academy Chicago: Chicago] 1991 "Lobster, much as today, was considered especially elegant and appropriate food for lovers, being an aphrodesiac.
There is a common perception that lobster was considered a poor man's food, and this many have been in the case in colonial New England but not back in Europe.
It is very good, albeit somewhat complicated, to eat; simpler for the eventual diner if the cook minces the meat and forms it into cakes, as described in Apicius...
The lobster (Homarus Gammarus) is Greek askakos..., Latin astacus and elephantus; the latter name is seldom attested in classical texts but was certainly in use, since it survives in modern Italian dialects." ---Food in the Ancient World From A-Z, Andrew Dalby [Routledge: London] 2003 (p.
The were highly esteemed by the British, not so esteemed by American colonists.
This sea creature enjoyed a resurgence of demand in the 19th century which still holds true today. Its most noticeable external traits were its long hands and small feet' (Archestratus), its bent fingers (Epicharmus) and its dark color (Pliny).By 1885 the American lobster industry was providing 130 million pounds of lobster per year.So afterward the population of the lobster beds decreased rapidly, and by 1918 only 33 million pounds were taken." ---Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink, John F. 186) [NOTE: This book has separate entries for selected popular dishes: Lobster rolls, lobster Newburg, lobster a l'americaine, and lobster fra diavolo.People who lived near water (oceans, seas, lakes, rivers) naturally took advantage of the foods offered by these resources.Culinary evidence confirms lobsters were known to ancient Romans and Greeks.In 1622 Governor William Bradford of the Plymouth Plantation apologized to a new arrival of settlers that the only dish he "could presente their friends with was a lobster...without bread or anyhting else but a cupp of fair water." Lobsters in those days grew to a tremendous size, sometimes forty or more pounds...