First and foremost they developed a ribbed vault, in which arching and intersecting stone ribs support a vaulted ceiling surface that is composed of mere thin stone panels.
This greatly reduced the weight (and thus the outward thrust) of the ceiling vault, and since the vault’s weight was now carried at discrete points (the ribs) rather than along a continuous wall edge, separate widely spaced vertical piers to support the ribs could replace the continuous thick walls.
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Gothic originally meant "having to do with the Goths or their language," but its meaning eventually came to encompass all the qualities associated with Germanic culture, especially the Germanic culture dominant during the medieval period after the fall of Rome.
This period became a subject of popular literature in the 18th century, beginning with Horace Walpole's novel The Castle of Otranto, a Gothic Story (1765).
Gothic - a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches English-Gothic, English-Gothic architecture, perpendicular style, perpendicular - a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaultingstrange, unusual - being definitely out of the ordinary and unexpected; slightly odd or even a bit weird; "a strange exaltation that was indefinable"; "a strange fantastical mind"; "what a strange sense of humor she has" Knight of old, is always accompanied by his boat-steerer or harpooneer, who in certain conjunctures provides him with a fresh lance, when the former one has been badly twisted, or elbowed in the assault; and moreover, as there generally subsists between the two, a close intimacy and friendliness; it is therefore but meet, that in this place we set down who the Pequod's harpooneers were, and to what headsman each of them belonged.
Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas.
The principal structural characteristics of Gothic architecture arose out of medieval masons’ efforts to solve the problems associated with supporting heavy masonry ceiling vaults over wide spans.
The problem was that the heavy stonework of the traditional arched barrel vault and the groin vault exerted a tremendous downward and outward pressure that tended to push the walls upon which the vault rested outward, thus collapsing them.The generalized meaning of "Germanic, Teutonic" appears in the 1640s.Reference to the medieval period in Western Europe, and specifically the architecture of that period, also appears in the 1640s, as does reference to "Gothic characters" or "Gothic letters" in typography.Gothic architecture - a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches English-Gothic, English-Gothic architecture, perpendicular style, perpendicular - a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting Sweeping driveway to delightful gardens The approach to beauty in a rural setting Pages 4-5 Coasting to a beautiful home Marine outlook with a mountain backdrop in Wales Pages 6-7 Privacy is a premium selling point Perfect example of a traditional Victorian viciarage Page 10 Dramatic touch in Malvern Recreating of the medieval period Page 11 Escape to the country Long Meadow is an aptly named detached home Page 16 Riverside respite from the heat Property from the 1600s has been sympathetically extended Page 17 Property Expert Simplifying the lettering process for landlords Page 22 POST PROPERTY editor is Alison Jones Email: alison.and its connection to current iterations of a Gothic aesthetic would have profited from some attention to Exuviae: A Fragmentary Grammar of Gothic, by the erudite Goth and architectural scholar James Rattue.A crucial point was that the outward thrust of the ribbed ceiling vaults was carried across the outside walls of the nave, first to an attached outer buttress and then to a freestanding pier by means of a half arch known as a flying buttress.