Although most women took on male dominated trades during World War II, they were expected to return to their everyday housework once men returned from the war.Government campaigns targeting women were addressed solely at housewives, likely because already-employed women would move to the higher-paid "essential" jobs on their own, Many of the women who took jobs during World War II were mothers.In 1978, she crashed in her small propeller plane when the engine failed during takeoff.
Because world wars were total wars which required governments to utilize their entire populations for the purpose of defeating their enemies, millions of women were encouraged to work in industry and take over jobs previously done by men.
During World War I women across the United States were employed in jobs previously done by men.
Similar images of women war workers appeared in other countries such as Britain and Australia.
Images of women workers were widespread in the media as government posters, and commercial advertising was heavily used by the government to encourage women to volunteer for wartime service in factories.
The films and posters she appeared in were used to encourage women to go to work in support of the war effort.
At the age of 50, Monroe realized her dream of flying when she obtained a pilot's license.
She got a job building B-17s on an assembly line, she shares just how exciting it was saying, 'The biggest thrill — I can't tell you — was when the B-17s rolled off the assembly line. In 1944, when victory seemed assured for the United States, government-sponsored propaganda changed by urging women back to working in the home.
Later, many women returned to traditional work such as clerical or administration positions, despite their reluctance to re-enter the lower-paying fields.
Women quickly responded to Rosie the Riveter, who convinced them that they had a patriotic duty to enter the workforce.