Hofstedes research has found UAI values for 50 countries and three regions.
The countries rank from Greece, Portugal, and Guatemala (highest UAI) to Singapore, Jamaica, and Denmark (lowest UAI)the degree to which individuals are supposed to look after themselves or remain integrated into groups, usually around the family.
Both approaches propose a set of cultural dimensions along which dominant value systems can be ordered.
The countries from Hofstedes study were each given a score on Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI).
UAI was derived from country mean scores on questions dealing with rule orientation, employment stability, and stress.
Effective use of cross cultural teams can provide a source of experience and innovative thinking to enhance the competitive position of organizations.
However, cultural differences can interfere with the successful completion of projects in todays multicultural global business community.
The dimensions can be grouped into several categories:1) Relations between people.
Two main cultural differences have been identified.We provide examples of success and failure in international, multicultural projects.The paper concludes that global project management can succeed through culturally-aware leadership, cross cultural communication, and mutual respect. Managers in todays multicultural global business community frequently encounter cultural differences, which can interfere with the successful completion of projects.In this category Hofstede identifies three dimensions: masculinity versus femininity, amount of uncertainty avoidance, and Two additional categories called socio-cultural dimensions were proposed by Aycan et. In a paternalistic relationship, the role of the superior is to provide guidance, protection, nurturing and care to the subordinate, and the role of the subordinate, in return, is to be loyal and deferential to the superior.Fatalism is the belief that it is not possible to fully control the outcomes of ones actions and, therefore, trying too hard to achieve something and making long-term plans are not worthwhile exercises.is the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.