However in free chat rooms payment is voluntary and is in the form of tips, thus providing the model with an income at a minimal cost for the multiple viewers of her chat room's video stream.
Tips are electronic tokens that viewers can buy from a camming website, and then give to the models during live performances.
In 1996 an American college student and conceptual artist, Jenny Ringley, created a website called "Jenni Cam." Her web camera was located in her dorm room and automatically photographed her every few minutes.
Unlike traditional pornography, the interactive nature of the camming medium titillates with the promise of virtual friendship.
Princeton University sociologist and author of The Purchase of Intimacy, Viviana Zelizer, states of camming: "They’re defining a new kind of intimacy.
Webcam performers are often highly entrepreneurial, and use mainstream social networking sites such as Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, Skype, and Tumblr to build and maintain relationships with their customers.
Some fans communicate multiple times a day with models through social media.
Camgirls will frequently read and respond to the scrolling viewer comments.
However this is not the first time that conversational interaction had become a boon for the erotic entertainment industry.
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