Opposing counsel submitted that the Act only prohibited brothel activities and punitive action against pimps. Most of the research done by the development organisation Sanlaap indicates that the majority of sex workers in India work as prostitutes due to lacking resources to support themselves or their children.
Most do not choose this profession but out of necessity, often after the breakup of a marriage or after being disowned and thrown out of their homes by their families.
Brothel in context of this law, is a place which has two or more sex workers (2a).
Recently some child saving operations were canceled, as the higher police officials of Mumbai were very displeased with the presence of a foreign journalist.
The primary law dealing with the status of sex workers is the 1956 law referred to as The Immoral Traffic (Suppression) Act (SITA).
In 1986 the old law was amended as the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act or ITPA.
Attempts to amend this to criminalise clients The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act or ITPA is a 1986 amendment of legislation passed in 1956 as a result of the signing by India of the United Nations' declaration in 1950 in New York on the suppression of trafficking.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands of women and girls from continental Europe and Japan were trafficked into British India, where they worked as prostitutes servicing British soldiers and local Indian men.
Government organisations like MDACS (Maharashtra District AIDS Control Society) have played a very prominent role in generating awareness on HIV/AIDS through the assistance in providing free literature and organising street campaigns.
The main points of the PITA are as follows: Public place in context of this law includes places of public religious worship, educational institutions, hostels, hospitals etc.
A "notified area" is a place which is declared to be "prostitution-free" by the state government under the PITA.
Clauses in the ITPA relating to living off the earnings of a sex-worker are being challenged in court, together with criminalisation of brothels, prostitution around a notified public place, soliciting and the power given to a magistrate to evict sex-workers from their home and forbidding their re-entry.
Other groups are lobbying parliament for amendments to the law.
According to this law, prostitutes can practise their trade privately but cannot legally solicit customers in public.