Conventional hydraulic cylinders are simulated in FLUENT. Singh, "Derivation of design requirements for optimization of a high performance hydrostatic actuation system," International Journal of Fluid Power, vol.
Results show that the small outlet ports are the sources of energy loss in hydraulic cylinders.
However, no computer can process the near infinite number of atoms in objects, so instead we model 'finite' groups of them.
In the real world, everything that occurs results from the interaction between atoms (and sub-particles of those atoms). If we were to simulate the world in a computer, we would have to simulate this interaction based on the simple laws of physics. Domenico Prattichizzo,, and Antonio Bicchi,"Dynamic "Analysis of Mobility and Graspability of General Manipulation Systems" IEEE transactions on robotics and automation, vol. This paper presents a review of PSO application in Economic Load Dispatch problems.
Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied.
(April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems.
Biologically inspired evolutionary agent systems in dynamic environments.
Diversity-based model reference for genetic algorithms in dynamic environment.
The organism requires minimal set of functional genes for its survival. Bateman A, Birney E, Cerruti L (2002).‖The Pfam Protein Families Database‖. Two kinds of improved evolution rules are proposed to replace the rule in regular cellular genetic algorithm, in which null cells are considered to the foods of individuals in population and the maximum of living individuals in cellular space is limited by their food.
This infectious disease results in Leprosy reactions that cause irreversible nerve damage and disabilities. Black PN, Zhang Q, Weimar JD, Di Russo CC (1997) Mutational analysis of a fatty Acyl-coenzyme A Synthetase signature motif identifies seven amino acid residues that modulate fatty acid substrate specificity. In: Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Conference on Supercomputing (SC06), Nov 11–17, Florida. Chemotherapy of leprosy for control programs- report of WHO study (2004). In this paper, we advanced two kinds of cellular genetic algorithms inspired by the density dependence scheme in ecological system to solving dynamic optimization problems.
Gao Yue-lin , Duan Yu-hong "A New Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Random Inertia Weight and Evolution Strategy" International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security Workshops 2007. Guimin Chen, Xinbo Huang, Jianyuan Jia and Zhengfeng Min " Natural Exponential Inertia Weight Strategy in Particle Swarm Optimization" 6th World Confress on Intelligent Control and Automation, June 21 - 23, 2006, Dalian, China. Jong-Bae Park, Yun-Won Jeong, Hyun Houng Kim and Joong-Rin Shin "An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization for Economic Dispatch with Valve-Point Effect" International Journal of Innovations in Energy Systems and Power, Vol. Therefore by emphasizing this protein as a drug target can help in the identification of novel drugs to cure leprosy. Black PN, Zhang Q, Weimar JD, Di Russo CC (1997): Mutational analysis of a fatty Acyl-coenzyme A Synthetase signature motif identifies seven amino acid residues that modulate fatty acid substrate specificity. Key words: cellular genetic algorithm, dynamic optimization, density dependence scheme Reference  R.