Dating furniture by the carvings

The Chippendale style dominated American furniture until the 1770s.

Known by its exquisite and extensive carving, it takes its name from Thomas Chippendale, an 18th century cabinetmaker, whose furnishings reflected popular English tastes of the period incorporating English, Gothic, and Chinese motifs. Born in 1718 at Otley in West Yorkshire, England, son of carpenter John Chippendale, and served his apprenticeship there.

Both makers and sellers of furniture rushed to purchase it, making Chippendale a household name.

And so pervasive was the influence of his book that the name of Chippendale is often indiscriminately applied to all mid-18th century furniture.

Chippendale created his Director as a catalogue from which his wealthy patrons could choose particular elements for their furniture, which would then be custom made for them in his workshop.

It contained 161 plates, reflecting many elements of the Rococo, Chinese, Gothic and Neoclassical styles.

He called for hand crafted, solid wood furniture with rectangular joinery.

He condemned the practice of using stains and varnishes to disguise inexpensive woods, calling instead for oiled, naturally colored finishes.Like Duncan Phyfe furniture, Eastlake style furniture is frequently seen in antique shops all over the United States, but especially in the east and midwest.It was manufactured by factories in the east that had branch offices in midwest cities.Sure, you know the 5C’s for diamonds, but what are they not telling you?Read the secrets about cut, carat weight, and color grades that affect the value and appraisals of diamonds.In 1872, Eastlake published his book in the United States, where it served to seed the land for the American Arts & Crafts Movement.

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