After the Civil War, Rochester had an expansion of new industries in the late 19th century, founded by migrants to the city, including inventor and entrepreneur George Eastman, who founded Eastman Kodak; and German immigrants John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb, who launched Bausch & Lomb in 1861.Not only did they create new industries, but Eastman became a major philanthropist, developing and endowing the University of Rochester, its Eastman School of Music and other local institutions.
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This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County.
For the town in Ulster County, see Rochester, Ulster County, New York.
As a reward for their loyalty to the British Crown, they were given a large land grant on the Grand River in Canada. 40 ha) tract from the state in Western New York along the Genesee River.
Rochester was founded shortly after the American Revolution by a wave of English-Puritan descended immigrants from New England who were looking for new agricultural land. They chose the site because its three cataracts on the Genesee offered great potential for water power.
The metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.1 million people.
Several of the region's universities (notably the University of Rochester and Rochester Institute of Technology) have renowned research programs.
Rochester experienced one of the nation's biggest revivalist movements, led by Charles Finney.
By the mid-19th century, as the center of the wheat-processing industry moved west with population and agriculture, the city became home to an expanding nursery business, giving rise to the city's second nickname, the "Flower City." Nurseries ringed the city, the most famous of which was started in 1840 by immigrants Georg Ellwanger from Germany and Patrick Barry from Ireland.
In the early 20th century, Rochester became a center of the garment industry, particularly men's fashions.