Pakistan boasts the site of the famed Indus valley civilization (B. Pakistan's ethnic and cultural diversity has been formed through legacies of advancing Persians, Turks, Arabs, Huns, Greeks, and Mongols, most of whom practiced Islam.
It is bordered by India on the east, Iran and Afghanistan on the west, the great Karakoram mountain range and China on the north, and the Arabian Sea on the south.
Modern-day Pakistan is divided into four major geographic divisions known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sind, and Baluchistan.
They include tribes on the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan, although the community has become increasingly urbanized in recent years.
The Punjabi community is the center of education and industry in Pakistan and includes both rural and urban segments within it.
There are much smaller Hindu, Christian and Zoroastrian minority communities.
Pakistan is not a secular state; the state religion is Islam, and religion enters many aspects of Pakistani political and social life.
She led her father's political party, the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) to victory.
She then lost the 1990 general election, but is today head of Pakistan's government once again.
Each of these regions has its own language and ethnic groups. 1700), including prehistoric remains at Mohenjo-Daro, near the modern Pakistani city of Larkana, and at Harappa, near the city of Lahore.
The capital of Pakistan is the modern city of Islamabad, although its cultural and economic centers continue to be Lahore and Karachi. The Indus valley civilization has remained an interest for archaeologists because of the society's high level of sophistication and stability over several centuries.
Pakistan received its independence from British India in 1947.