With the opening of a commercial port at Xiamen in 1843, and the establishment of the island as an international settlement in 1903, this island off the southern coast of the Chinese empire suddenly became an important window for Sino-foreign exchanges.
The town was sited at the crossroads of trade routes for caravans travelling between southern Palestine, Sinai, Eastern Jordan and the north of the Arabian Peninsula.
Although the subsequent Ottoman Period (1517-1917) heralded an extension of the town to the surrounding areas and brought numerous architectural additions, particularly the raising of the roof level of houses to provide more upper stories, the overall Mamluk morphology of the town is seen to have persisted with its hierarchy of areas, quarters based on ethnic, religious or professional groupings, and houses with groups of rooms organized according to a tree-shaped system.
The property encompasses the area of the city that resulted from various phases of planning between 18, as well as the indigenous unplanned neighbourhoods of Arbate Asmera and Abbashawel.
It is an exceptional example of early modernist urbanism at the beginning of the 20th century and its application in an African context.
One of the areas where they took up residence was the Swabian Jura in southern Germany.
Excavated from the 1860s, six caves have revealed items dating from 43,000 to 33,000 years ago.
Eritrea Criteria: (ii)(iv) Located at over 2,000 m above sea level, the capital of Eritrea developed from the 1890s onwards as a military outpost for the Italian colonial power.
After 1935, Asmara underwent a large scale programme of construction applying the Italian rationalist idiom of the time to governmental edifices, residential and commercial buildings, churches, mosques, synagogues, cinemas, hotels, etc.
It was from this outpost that he initiated the conquest of the Kazan Khanate.
The Assumption Monastery illustrates in its location and architectural composition the political and missionary programme developed by Tsar Ivan IV to extend the Moscow state.
The wealth of Aphrodisias came from the marble quarries and the art produced by its sculptors.