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Apparently, Xenophon visited Urartu in 401 BCE, and rather than finding Urartians, he only found pockets of Urartians, surrounded by Armenians.These Urartians, as modern scholars infer, were undergoing a process of assimilation to Armenian language and culture.However, many others disagree, holding the Chechens to have lived in their present-day lands for over 10000 years.

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The history of Chechnya may refer to the history of the Chechens, of their land Chechnya, or of the land of Ichkeria.

Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips.

Traces of human settlement go back to 40000 BCE with cave paintings and artifacts around Lake Kezanoi.

The ancestors of the Nakh peoples are thought to have populated the Central Caucasus around 10000–8000 BCE. Veidenbaum, who cites similarities with later structures to propose continuity) to represent the whole Eastern Caucasian language family, though this is not universally agreed upon.

Definitely, at the time the proto-language split, the people had all these concepts very early on.

Towns were discovered in the area that is now Chechnya as early as 8000 BCE. Horseback riding came around 3000 BCE, probably having diffused from contact with Indo-European-speaking tribes to the North.

Much research effort was expended upon the Russo-Circassian war, most falsified at that." There was once a library of Chechen history scripts, written in Chechen (and possibly some in Georgian) using Arabic and Georgian script; however, this was destroyed by Stalin and wiped from record (see - 1944 Deportation; Aardakh).

The first known settlement of what is now Chechnya is thought to have occurred around 12500 BCE, in mountain-cave settlements, whose inhabitants used basic tools, fire, and animal hides.

Jaimoukha notes in his book: “The kingdom of Urartu, which was made up of several small states, flourished in the 9th and 7th centuries BCE, and extended into the North Caucasus at the peaks of its power...” The Georgian chronicles of Leonti Mroveli state that the Urartians “returned” to their homeland (i.e.


  1. When people wondered what use reading history is, Chinese philosopher Confucius had said, «If you want to be futuristic, read and understand history to better comprehend the present».

  2. Relation of external links to inner links influences the distribution of the site's weight in general.

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