In February 1856, Chicago's Common Council approved Chesbrough's plan to build the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system.
when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area that was to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville.
In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and later rebuilt.
Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues.
The city has many nicknames, the best known being the Windy City and Chi-Town.
These issues also helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage.
Lincoln was nominated in Chicago for US President at the 1860 Republican National Convention.
Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States.
Of the total population in 1900, more than 77% were either foreign-born or born in the United States of foreign parentage.
Germans, Irish, Poles, Swedes and Czechs made up nearly two-thirds of the foreign-born population (by 1900, whites were 98.1% of the city's population).